1. Ignorentia juris non exusat – ignorantia legis neminem exusat- ignorance of law is no excuse.
2. Ignorentia facti excusaf – ignorance of fact is excused.
3. Nemo judex in causa sua – judex non potestesse testis in propria cause- a judge cannot be a witness his own cause.
4. Audi alteram partem – listen to other side.
5. Damnum sine injuria – damage without legal injury.
6. Injuria sine damnum – legal damage without actual loss.
7. Volenti non fit injuria – voluntarily taking of risk.
8. Ex nudo pacto action oritur – no action arises on a contract without consideration.
9. Consensus ad idem – meeting of minds for same thing in same sense.
10. Void ab initio – to be treated invalid from outset.
11. Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea -the act does not make anyone guilty, unless it is coupled with guilty mind (intention).
12. Doli incapax – incapable of doing harm
13. De minimis non curat lex – law does not take note of trifles.
14. Actionable per se – the very act is punishable and no proof of damage is required (res ipsa loquitor).
15. Alibi – at another place, elsewhere.
16. Audi alteram partem – no man shall be condemned unheard.
17. Amicus curiae – a friend of court or member of the bar who is appointed to assist the court.
18. Assentio mentium – the meeting of minds, i.e. mutual assents.
19. Bonafide – in good faith. (uberrima fide & malafide).
20. Cavet – a caution registered with the public court to indicate to the officials that they are not to the act in the matter mentioned in cavet without first giving notice to the caveator.
21. Caveat emptor- Let the buyer beware.
22. Caveat venditor – Let the seller beware.
23. Corpus- Bode.
24. De facto – Inn fact.
25. De jure – By Law.
26. De novo – To make something new.
27. Dictum – Statement of law made by judge in thecourse of decision but notnecessaryto decision itself.
28. Doli incapax – In capable of crime.
29. Detinue – Tort of wrongfully holding goods which belong to others.
30. Denatio mortis causa – Gift because of death.
31. Estoppel – Prevented from denying.
32. Ex parte – Proceeding in absence of the other party.
33. Ex gratia – As a favour.
34. Ex official – Because of office held.
35. Factum – Beyond relevant facts.
36. Factum probans – Relevant fact.
37. Fraus est celare fraudem – It is fraud to conceal a fraud.
38. Funtus officio – No longer having power or jurisdiction.
39. Ipso facto- By the mere fact.
40. In prompt – In rediness.
41. In lieu of – Instead of.
42. In personam – A proceeding in which relief I sought against a specific person.
43. Innuendo – Spoken words which are defamatory because they have a double meaning.
44. In staus quo – In the present state.
45. Jus in personam – Right against a specific person.
46. Jus in rem – right against the world at large.
47. Jus non scriptum – Customary law.
48. Jus – Law or Right.
49. Justitia nemini neganda est – Justice is to be denied to nobody.
50. Lex non a rege est violanda – The law must not be violated even by the king.
51. Locus standi- Right to party to an action to appear and be heard by the court.
52. Malafide – In the bad faith.
53. Mens Rea – Guilty mind.
54. Misnomer – A wrong inaccurate name or term.
55. Modus operandi – Way of working.
56. Modus Vivendi – Way of living.
57. Nemo bis punitur pro eodem delicto – Nobody can be twice punished for same offence.
58. Nemo debet esse judex in propria causa – Nobody can judge in his own cause.
59. Novation – Transaction in which a new contract is agreed by all parties to replace an existing contract.
60. Onus probandi – Burden of proof.
61. Per se – By itself.
62. Prima facie – At the first site / On the face of it.
63. Palimony – Money which the court orders a man to pay regularly to a woman with whom he has been living and from whom he has been separated.
64. Per curiam – By a court.
65. Per incuriam – Because of lack of care.
66. Qui facit per alium, facit per se- He who acts through acts himself.
67. Quid pro quo – Something for something.
68. Ratio decindi – Principle or reason underlying a court judgement.
69. Res ipsa loquitor – The thing speaks for itself.
70. Salus populi est suprema lex – The health (welfare, good, salvation, felicity) of the people should be the supreme law.
71. Sine die – “with no day” (indefinitely).
72. Veto- Ban or order not to allow something to become law, even if it has been passed by a parliament.
73. Vice versa – Reverse position.
74. Waiver – Voluntary giving up or removing the conditions.